A safe and smooth flow of traffic has become the need of the hour. With the increasing number of vehicles on roads today, people long for a sense of security and safety for themselves and their families, whether they are driving or crossing the road.

The necessity of safe movement of people and goods from one location to another has given rise to the demand for traffic regulatory devices such as signs, signals, pavement markings, etc. These devices are usually placed adjacent to or along the highways, roads, and other public areas to guide and organize the flow of traffic.

Traffic control is a challenging task. You require a combination of attention, time for response, and respect for road users. In addition, you need traffic management centers that can process, collect, and forward the necessary information about a certain traffic situation and help you manage the traffic around the clock.

Keep reading to understand the various traffic control devices to keep people and facilities safe.

Traffic Signs

Road signs are great ways of regulating traffic. They indicate a merging point, roundabout, or turn options. They are usually classified into:

  • Regulatory Signs: are called the mandatory signs because everyone driving on the road has to obey them. Failing to comply with these signs can lead to legal action and heavy penalties against you. “Slow”, “Stop”, or “Do Not Enter” are the common examples of regulatory signboards to ought to follow.
  • Warning Signs: are used to provide specific warning or caution to the drivers, especially with regards to impending road condition. These include y-intersection signs, roundabout signs, pedestrian crossings, signs for narrow roads, etc.
  • Informative Signs: are the guide signs. They indicate the drivers for certain services and attractions ahead. They are generally meant for the road users who are unfamiliar to the area. Route markers, destination signs, mileposts, and service center information helps in easy and safe journey.

Traffic Signals

They are the most important and beneficial tool in the traffic management system. Traffic and Pedestrian signals/lights include a clear green, yellow, and red light to direct the traffic and pedestrians when it is safe to move ahead. They are mostly used on road intersections to increase the traffic handling capacity on the road.

Though they may cause interruption to the heavy flow of traffic, they are extremely helpful in the safe moving of traffic and reducing the number of accidents on the road.

Road Markings

Consisting of various lines, patterns, words, reflectors, or symbols, road markings provide guidance for disciplined driving. They are used to serve as a psychological barrier on paved roadways to signify the delineation of the traffic path and channelize the safe movement of everyone.

The best part is that these markings are made by using paints in contrast with the color and brightness of the pavements to convey the desired information to the driver without distracting his/her attention.